Originally, Bast was a lioness goddess, fierce
She also appears in ancient texts such as the Pyramid Text and Coffin Text. In the PT 1111, she is referred to as a mild mother and nurse for the kings of Egypt. In the CT, it is written that she provides protection for the deceased, thus giving her credence as a funerary goddess.
Bast’s symbols consists of the sistrum which is also associated with Hathor, the ankh which is the symbol of everlasting life and\she is often seen wearing a breastplate showing the picture of a lion, perhaps a reminder of her former self.
As in most pagan religions, gods and goddesses overlap or are re-named for deities local to a specific area. For example, in Greece, Bast is associated with the warrior/huntress virgin of Artemis. In Rome, she is Diana; in Norse mythology Bast is associated with Freya and in Hindu myths, Durga.
The name of Bast has the hieroglyph of a “bas”-jar. Her name was added with a “t” to show that this is a goddess not a god. The bas jars were perfume jars which were considered valuable to Egyptians due to the necessity of bathing regularly because of the hot and humid weather of Egypt. So perfume jars were considered very important, because hygiene
The cult of Bast was located in Bubastis, which is an island in the Nile Delta of Lower Egypt. Today this area is known as Tel Basta. Bast was worshiped from about 3200 BC to 4th century AD when paganism was outlawed by Theodosius I.
Worship of Bast was very popular. Her rituals and festivals were said to be the best of them all. Her festivals included attendance of about ½ million people, joyous parades, and celebrations lasting for a long time, dancing, singing, excellent food and of course drinking.
The temple at Bubastis also was very popular for cats. Cats were idolized as gods themselves and were treated royally, by being pampered and jeweled as well as any member of royal family would. Because of this attitude towards cats, they ran wild within the temple. These cats were greatly loved and revered and to kill one illegally brought with it the penalty of death.
She teaches us many lessons, including, but not limited to, how to land on our feet (as does the stealthy cat) and that a positive playful attitude can be a good and helpful thing. Of course we can not forget that she also has her darker side, which can be ferocious.
To bring Bast into your life, simply just pray to her, or have a toast to her with a nice glass of wine. Sing, dance and make merry. These are all ways to bring her into your life. If you need protection for any harm, or want to get pregnant, or want to have a safe pregnancy, then Bast is your goddess.
Some (not all) of Bast’s correspondences are as follows:
Herbs: aloe, apple, catnip, cedar, cinnamon, gardenia, jasmine, willow
Crystals: amber, cats eye, garnet, moonstone, opal, sunstone, jasper, onyx
Color: green, black, red, gold, tourquoise, silver
Incense: apple, jasmine, lavendar, pine, cedar, cinnamon, gardenia
Metals: copper, silver, gold
Wood: cedar, willos
Cardinal point is East.
Element is air.
Day is Friday.
Time is dawn.
Season is spring.